Food Counts: A Pan-Canadian Sustainable Food Systems Report Card

Pillar #4: Localizes Food Systems and Puts Control Locally

The localizes food systems principle speaks to reducing the distance between food providers and consumers, resisting dependency on remote and unaccountable corporations and rejecting dumping and inappropriate food aid. The puts control locally principle speaks to placing control in the hands of local food providers, recognizing the need to inhabit and to share territories and rejects the privatization of natural resources.

Summary of Indicators

Networks and Policy Initiatives

58. Number of municipal food policy initiatives, Status: “One Point in Time Data*”
59. Number of food system networks, Status: “One Point in Time Data*”


60. Breastfeeding initiation and maintenance, Status: “One Point in Time Data*”

*For this indicator we were only able to extract data from one point in time. We expect that this data will continue to be collected on a regular basis; therefore this current data point will act as the baseline for future reports.

Networks and Policy Initiatives Indicators

Indicator 58: Number of municipal food policy initiatives

Interpretation of Findings: “One point in time data”

As of 2013, there were 64 food policy initiatives across Canada (MacRae & Donahue, 2013).

For additional reading on this indicator, please see:

Clancy, K., Hammer, J., & Lippoldt, D. (2007). Food policy councils: past, present and future. In C. Henrichs & T. Lyson (Eds.), Remaking the North American food system: Strategies for sustainability (144-162). Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Schiff, R. (2008). The role of food policy councils in developing sustainable food systems. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, 3(2-3), 206-228.

Indicator 59: Number of food system networks

Interpretation of Findings: “One point in time data”

There are currently 16 provincial or territorial food system networks in Canada representing all provinces in Canada and two of the three territories (i.e., Nunavut and Yukon) (Food Secure Canada, 2016).

For additional reading on this indicator, please see:

Levkoe, C. Z. (2015). Strategies for forging and sustaining social movement networks: A case study of provincial food networking organizations in Canada. Geoforum, 58, 174- 183.

Breastfeeding Indicator

Indicator 60: Breastfeeding initiation and maintenance

Indicator 60
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey ^ Certain exclusions apply to this data (please see ‘data specifics’ for this indicator in Appendix B).

Interpretation of Findings: “Mixed”

The proportion of mothers initiating breastfeeding rose from 87.2% in 2010 to 90.3% in 2012. During this same time period, the proportion of mothers who exclusively breastfed for at least 6 months decreased from 27.7% in 2010 to 24.2% in 2012.