Food Counts: A Pan-Canadian Sustainable Food Systems Report Card


Glossary

Agricultural stream: the temporary foreign worker can be from any country and the production must be included on the National Commodities List.

Class I food recall: a situation in which there is a reasonable probability that the use of, or exposure to, a violative product will cause serious adverse health consequences or death.

Class II food recall: a situation in which the use of, or exposure to, a violative product may cause temporary adverse health consequences or where the probability of serious adverse health consequences is remote.

Class III food recall: a situation in which the use of, or exposure to, a violative product is not likely to cause any adverse health consequences.

Consumer price index: the CPI is not a cost-of-living index. The objective behind a cost-of-living index is to measure changes in expenditures necessary for consumers to maintain a constant standard of living. The idea is that consumers would normally switch between products as the price relationship of goods changes. If, for example, consumers get the same satisfaction from drinking tea as they do from coffee, then it is possible to substitute tea for coffee if the price of tea falls relative to the price of coffee. The cheaper of the interchangeable products may be chosen. We could compute a cost-of living index for an individual if we had complete information about that person’s taste and spending habits. To do this for a large number of people, let alone the total population of Canada, is impossible. For this reason, regularly published price indexes such as the Consumer Price Index are based on the fixed-basket concept rather than the cost-of-living concept.

Couple family: a couple family consists of a couple living together (married or common-law, including same-sex couples) living at the same address with or without children. Same-sex couples reporting as couples are counted as couple families (as of 2001).

Farm operator: those persons responsible for the management decisions in operating an agricultural operation. They can be owners, tenants or hired managers of the agricultural operation, including those responsible for management decisions pertinent to particular aspects of the farm — planting, harvesting, raising animals, marketing and sales, and making capital purchases and other financial decisions. Not included are accountants, lawyers, veterinarians, crop advisors, herbicide consultants, etc. who make recommendations affecting the agricultural operation but are not ultimately responsible for management decisions.

Gross farm receipts: gross farm receipts include receipts from all agricultural products sold and program payments and custom work receipts. Sales of capital items (fe.g., quota, land, machinery) and receipts from the sale of any goods bought only for retail sales are not included in gross farm receipts.

Hatchery supply flocks: operations that produce hatching eggs for both egg and meat type birds. Layers in hatchery supply flocks are estimated by Statistics Canada based on the number of birds (broilers) provided by Canadian ii Broiler Hatching Egg Marketing Agency, information on egg sets from Canadian Egg Marketing Agency (CEMA) and an average rate of lay for each type of bird.

LIM: the LIM is a fixed percentage (50%) of median adjusted household income, where “adjusted” indicates that household needs are taken into account. Adjustment for household sizes reflects the fact that a household’s needs increase as the number of members increases.

Lone-parent family: a lone-parent family is a family with only one parent, male or female, and with at least one child. Moderate food insecurity: households experiencing moderate food insecurity reported compromise in quality and/or quantity of food consumed among adults and/or children on Statistics Canada’s Household Food Security Survey Module.

Net farm income: the net farm income accounts are designed to provide an annual measure of income returned to the operators of agricultural businesses from the production of agricultural commodities. The numbers are used to assess the state of the agricultural industry and to form the basis of various policy options.

Non-registered flocks: operations with fewer birds than the limits set by the provincial egg marketing boards. These limits vary by province and can range from 100 to 500 birds. Layer numbers for the non-registered flocks are estimated using Census data.

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS): the NAICS is used by businesses and governments to classify business establishments according to the type of economic activity (process of production) in Canada, Mexico and the United States.

Person not in census family: a person not in census families is an individual who is not part of a census family, couple family or lone-parent family. Persons not in census families may live with their married children or with their children who have children of their own. They may be living with a family to whom they are related or unrelated. They may also be living alone or with other non-family persons.

Registered flocks: operations that have to be registered with and provide information to provincial egg marketing boards. Layer numbers in registered flocks are supplied by the Canadian Egg Marketing Agency (CEMA), the regulatory board for the egg producing industry. The agency, in turn, receives data from the provincial egg marketing boards. These data are used directly in the estimates without adjustments.

Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program: the temporary foreign worker must be from Mexico or the participating Caribbean countries and the production must be included on the National Commodities List.

Severe food insecurity: households experiencing severe food insecurity reported reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns among adults and/or children on Statistics Canada’s Household Food Security Survey Module.

Stream for high-wage positions: the production is not included on the National Commodities List and the temporary foreign worker can be hired for any high-wage agricultural position.

Stream for low-wage positions: the production is not included on the National Commodities List and the temporary foreign worker can be hired for a low-wage agricultural position.

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Please note: The Pan-Canadian Sustainable Food Systems Report Card is a working document. If you have comments, questions, or would like to suggest additional data sources or indicators, please fill out the Food Counts Report Card Feedback Form.